Discussing affordances at L3 Warsaw

Defined as “a spectrum of phenomena”, affordances can be manifested through actions, objects, possibilities, events, facts and realities, etc. It is always in plural because affordances work by sets; i.e., knowledge, motivation and context constitute the set of individual affordances (see Larissa Aronin).
Used in the first times in physics, design and psychology, the concept of affordances develops in linguistics and multilingual studies. David Singleton presents language affordances as affordances through the realization of which communication using a language or languages, or the acquisition of a language or languages is possible.
How do affordances work?
First, sets of affordances are required to be available in order that a given action may be performed, a given goal attained.
Second, each action/goal requires the availability of its own specific set of affordances.
Third, exactly which, how many, and in what configuration affordances need to be present depends on the particular nature of the relevant action/goal, actor(s) and environment.
Four and last, affordances function in sets: each set relating to a particular outcome.
Affordances may be created by individuals or provided by the society. In a multilingual context, affordances for using one language may be denied and affordances for using a different language provided. This last point on affordances explains its interest for the lLAL project.

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